Browse Biographies

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Marquis de Lafayette, 1757 - 1834

Born into a prominent aristocratic family in Auvergne, France, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, the Marquis de Lafayette, was a courtier in the court of Louis XVI but travelled to America at age 19 at his own expense.   Appointed a major general of the Continental Army, he became a close associate of George Washington.  Returning to France, Lafayette helped persuade the French court to supply money, ships, and men to the American cause.  When he returned to America, he commanded troops from Virginia

Tooker, William Wallace, 1848 - 1917

Born in Sag Harbor, New York in 1848, William Wallace Tooker was the son of William and Virginia Tooker.  One biography of him says that he began collecting Native relics at the age of 5.  By 1895, Tooker had amassed nearly 15,00o items.Between 1888 and 1911, Tooker became well-known as a specialist in Coastal Algonquian culture, language, history, and place names, publishing twelve books, over fifty pamphlets, and over one hundred articles.

Foxon (Poxon)

Foxon (aka Poxon) ("clear stone") was a member of the Podunk-Scantic community whose name appears on a 1636 conveyance of land on the east side of the Connecticut River lying between the Podunk and Scantic Rivers to English.  Through interactions with the Mohegans living along the River in the township of Hartford, Foxon rose to became a prominent figure in Uncas' leadership cohort as the sachem's translator, counselor, and ambassador.  John Eliot considered him one of the wisest Indians in Sout

Trumbull, James Hamond, 1821 - 1897

James Hammond Trumbull was the son of Gurdon and Sarah Trumbull of Stonington, Connecticut.  He was admitted to Yale in 1838 but withdrew because of his health.  Trumbull served as Connecticut's Assistant Secretary of State (1847-1852, 1858-1861), Connecticut's first State Librarian (1854), and Secretary of the State of Connecticut (1861-1866).

Stiles, Ezra, 1727 - 1795

Ezra Stiles (November 29, 1727 – May 12, 1795) Yale College (B.A. 1746, M.A. 1749), lawyer, Congregational clergyman, theologian, antiquarian, scholar, and intellectual. Pastor of the Second Congregational Church of Newport, Rhode Island (1755-1786); Member of the American Philosophical Society (1768); President of Yale College (1778-1795)  DAB.  In 1750, Stiles had preached to the Indian community at Stockbridge, Massachusetts and had even been a missionary candidate there, but afterwards his interest in Native matters was more scientific.

Cowles, Isaac, 1756 - 1837

Isaac Cowles was the son of Solomon Cowles and Martha Seymour of Farmington, Connecticut.  He served as a sergeant in the 1st Company of Hooker's 15th Colonial Militia from May 1776 to May 1785. In 1776, Cowles served under Capt. John Porter in New York. Quartermaster Jonathan Bull appointed him quartermaster-sergeant, a position he held until the end of the war.

Uncas, Benjamin III, - 1769

Benjamin Uncas III (   -1769), leader of the faction of Mohegans settled at Ben's Town. His children were Ben, Ann, Abimilech, Josiah, and George.  Endorsed by the will of his father Ben Uncas II in 1745, his appointment as tribal sachem was so contentious that it took close to four years before there was general agreement among the Mohegans to allow Ben (III) to take office.

Uncas, Benjamin, 1647 - 1726

Major Benjamin Uncas (Ben Uncas I) was the youngest son of Uncas and the daughter of Poxon/Foxon, Uncas's chief councilor.  As a young man during King Philip's War, Ben was pledged a hostage in return for his father's good conduct.    He subsequently joined the Connecticut colonial militia as leader of Indian scouts, earning the nickname "Major Ben."  He served with Massachusetts forces during King William's war, and in 1711, with many of his fellow Mohegans, was part of Connecticut's ill-fated expedition against Canada.